Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area
Location & Map
On 22 June 2000, the governments of Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland signed a protocol on the establishment of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area, covering a total area of 10 029km²:
Lubombo Conservancy – Goba - Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCA (Swaziland/South Africa/Mozambique)
In March 2014, the Lubombo Commission decided to merge the Lubombo Conservancy – Goba and Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCAs to, from a landscape planning and ecosystems approach, link the Lebombo Mountain Ecosystem with the coastal plains. It would also benefit the communities in Swaziland and streamline institutional arrangements. The new boundary reflects an initial consolidation phase and will focus on three transboundary core areas:
- Maputo Special Reserve-Tembe Elephant Park-Bekhula-Tsanini Community Conservation Area
- Catuane-Ndumu Game Reserve-Usuthu Gorge Community Conservation Area –Mambane Community Conservation Area
- Goba-Lubombo Conservancies
Ponta do Ouro-Kosi Bay TFCA (Mozambique/South Africa)
This marine and coastal TFCA links the Ponta do Ouro-Inhaca coastline of Mozambique with South Africa's iSimangaliso Wetland Park, a World Heritage Site. The area is well known for its biodiversity and combines sea coast with extensive wetlands. The TFCA has a rich diversity of marine life and is an important leatherback and loggerhead turtle nesting ground. Leatherbacks are the largest sea turtles and classified as critically endangered by the IUCN, while loggerhead sea turtles have been classified as endangered.
Nsubane-Pongola TFCA (South Africa/Swaziland)
The South African component of the TFCA includes community, public and private land surrounding the Pongola Nature Reserve, which forms the core conservation component. In Swaziland, the area consists of private land, government-owned land and community areas, all of which are relatively undeveloped with regard to tourism infrastructure.
Songimvelo-Malolotja TFCA (South Africa/Swaziland)
The TFCA links the Songimvelo Game Reserve in South Africa with the adjacent Malolotja Nature Reserve in Swaziland. The central feature of the TFCA is the Drakensberg Escarpment, which is the dominant physiographic feature of southeastern Africa, and its associated highlands and mountains known locally as the Barberton Mountains.